Fiberglass

Fiberglass is a type of fiber-toughened plastic where the fiber material used is generally glass fiber. The fiber glass could be flattened into a sheet or it could be randomly arranged or woven into a fabric. The plastic matrix may be a thermoplastic or it could be a thermo-setting plastic. The glass fibers is manufactured using various types of glass depending upon the application the fiber glass is put into.

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Detailed Description for Fiberglass

The fiberglass is manufactured with the help of various materials such as silica or silicate with differing amounts of oxides of magnesium or calcium and in some cases boron. To be used in the manufacturing process of fiberglass the glass filaments needs to be either defectless or with low levels of defect. The process of manufacturing fiberglass is called pultrusion.
Properties


The following are the properties of fiber glass:
1.    It provides great resistance to corrosive attacks.
2.    It is durable because of its tight structure and this also makes it  shock and wear resistance.
3.    It is a lightweight material.
4.    It has low electrical conductivity.         

5.    It is damage proof and breakage resistant.
6.    It has great aesthetics.
7.    When the temperatures fall below zero, it does not get covered with ice or become slippery
8.    It is a material that can be hardly bent.
9.    It has low thermal conductivity.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          

ADVANTAGES
1.    Strong and long-term usage capability : Fiberglass is a material that is stronger than a sheet metal. Fiberglass has a higher endurance and is corrosion resistant. Fiberglass never can undergo rusting process.It is hence most suitable for conditions near the ocean where the salinity content is high in the air.

2.    Freedom of Design: There are a handful restrictions when the design of fiberglass comes into consideration giving the designers unlimited possibilities.

3.    Appearance: Using fiberglass for product cases or enclosures certainly improves its aesthetics. It can be used to achieve any look and feel desired.

4.    Cost Effectiveness: Fiber glass involves lower cost for maintenance and work/production and also promises lower cost for warranty.

5.    Safety: Fiberglass is a radio frequency transparent material and is non-conductive which is perfect for housing electronics without disturbing their working and also safeguards the people from hazardous effects inside.

6.     Good Acoustics: Fiberglass provides a great sense of acoustics because of its property to absorb sound waves more.

APPLICATIONS                                                                                      

1.    Fiberglass can be used to create DIY bows or long bows.
2.    It is used in the manufacture of pole vaulting poles, Rowing shells and oars.
3.    It is also used in the production of Equipment handles such as hammer handles , screw driver handles etc.
4.    It is also used in Traffic signal lights.
5.    It is used in the production process of Ship hulls.
6.    It is used to produce Waterpipes, surfboards, kit cars, microcars, kayaks, flat roofs,pods domes, high end bicycles etc.
7.    Used in automobile industry to produce auto body parts.
8.    It is also used as orthopedic casting material.
9.    It is used to produce water slides.
10.    It is used in the production of Printed Circuit Boards.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   



Material

Specific gravity

Tensile strength

Unit:MPa

Compressive strength

Unit: MPa

Polyester resin

1.28

55

140

Polyester and Chopped Strand Mat Laminate with 30% E-Glass

1.4

100

150

Polyester and Woven Rovings Laminate with 45% E-Glass

1.6

250

150

Polyester and Satin Weave Cloth Laminate with 55% E-glass

1.7

300

250

Polyester and unbroken Rovings Laminate with 70% E-glass

1.9

800

350

E-Glass with Epoxy composite

1.99

1,770

 

S-Glass with Epoxy composite

1.95

2,358

 

 


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