ALUMINIUM CHLORIDE

Aluminum chloride is formed as a compound of aluminum (Al) and chlorine (Cl2). The compound is white in color and it turns yellowish by contamination with iron trichloride. It is widely used and consumed in places requiring aluminum such as production of aluminum metal and also in chemical industries as an active ingredient in antiperspirants.

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Detailed Description for ALUMINIUM CHLORIDE

     Aluminum is one of the most abundant metals found on earth. The compound is often called as Lewis acid. It cannot be found as a free element but always in combination with clay, bauxite, mica, feldspar, alum, cryolite and several forms of alumina such as ruby, sapphire, and corundum. This element is very important as it contributes to the world economy. It is allied with other elements to form many hard, durable, light and corrosion resistant products.
    Aluminum chloride which is silver-white in color is a cubic crystalline chemical compound. It is malleable, ductile and a light metal element in the periodic table. Its melting point is at 192.4 degree Celsius and boiling point is 120 degree Celsius. It is an excellent conductor of heat and electricity. Pure aluminum is soft and lacks strength but when it is alloyed with elements such as Cu, Mg, Si, Mn and other elements, it imparts a property of strong hardness to the product.
    Aluminum is a very reactive metal chemical but it resists corrosion by forming a self protecting continuous layer of thin oxidation when a nascent form of aluminum element is exposed to oxygen, water, and other oxidants to prevent further corrosion. The amorphous characteristic of aluminum attracts alkalis and mineral acids.
PROPERTIES:
1.    Low density
2.    Corrosion resistant
3.    Good thermal and electrical conductivity
4.    Low weight and high strength
5.    Easily malleable and ductile
6.    Hygroscopic
APPLICATIONS:
1.    The property of aluminum to be worked into variety of shapes is vital in building, transport, aerospace and goods industries.
2.    Aluminum coating that reflects visible light and heat is useful in industries of telescope, mirrors and jewellery.
3.    Aluminum powder is used in paints and welding with iron oxide.
4.    Finely divided aluminum can ignite to give a large amount of heat. This property can be used in making explosives.
5.    It is used in packing industries to make foils and cans.
6.    It is widely used in manufacture of petrochemicals such as anthraquinone, phthalocyanines, acetophenone, and butyl rubber.
7.    It is used as a flux in metallurgical industries and in the production of rubber, lubricants, cosmetics and wood preservatives. 
8.    Aluminum chloride hexahydrate is used to treat hyperhidrosis.
SAFETY:
    Anhydrous aluminum chloride reacts dynamically with bases. Using it requires careful precautions since it can cause irritation to eyes, skin and respiratory tract when inhaled or came in contact with. It has also been proven to be a neurotoxin.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Aluminium


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Seema S

Color determines its purity Posted on 8/18/2016

The color of pure aluminum chloride ranges from white to gray. It changes to yellow-green when contaminated with iron tri-chloride or due to exposure to moisture and air. One can also determine its purity by dissolving it in chloroform or benzene since aluminum chloride is completely soluble in such organic solvents.

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