Hydrogen Peroxide

Hydrogen Peroxide is a is a strong oxidizing agent and a weak acid in water solution. Some applications include Pulp and paper, chemical synthesis etc.

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Detailed Description for Hydrogen Peroxide

Hydrogen Peroxide is a is a strong oxidizing agent and a weak acid in water solution. The formular is similar to that of water, with an extra atom of oxygen attached, H2O2. It is completely soluble in water. Pure anhydrous hydrogen peroxide is a colorless to pale blue  syrupy liquid which decomposes violently into water and oxygen if heated above 80 C. it also decomposes in light and in the presence of metal ions or oxidizable organic materials. 

The most valuable property of hydrogen peroxide is that it breaks down into water and oxygen and therefore does not form any persistent, toxic residual compounds. It is used in the processes of epoxidation, oxidation, hydroxylation and reduction. Its oxidizing properties are used in the bleachings and deodorizing for textile, hair and in paper manufacture. It is also used medicinally as an antiseptic.  Its application involves the production of chemicals, e.g. organic peroxides, perhydrates. It is also used in water and sewage treatment, mining, electronics, food and cosmetic indutry.

Application:

Pulp and paper, chemical synthesis, environmental uses, including water treatment, textiles, mining, electronics, food and cosmetic.

It is used in the production of various organic peroxides with dibenzoyl peroxide being a high volume example. This is used in polymerisations, as a flour bleaching agent and as a treatment for acne. Peroxy acids, such as peracetic acid and meta-chloroperoxybenzoic acid are also typically produced using hydrogen peroxide.

Hydrogen peroxide is used in certain waste-water treatment processes to remove organic impurities. This is achieved by advanced oxidation processes, such as the Fenton reaction, which use it to generate highly reactive hydroxyl radicals (·OH). These are able to destroy organic contaminates which are ordinarily difficult to remove, such as aromatic or halogenated compounds. It can also oxidize sulfur based compounds present in the waste; which is beneficial as it generally reduces their odour.


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