Sodium Hypochlorite

Sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) is a solution made from reacting chlorine with a sodium hydroxide solution. These two reactants are the major co-products from most chlor-alkali cells. Sodium hypochlorite has a variety of uses and is an excellent disinfectant/antimicrobial agent.

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Detailed Description for Sodium Hypochlorite

Sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) is a solution made from reacting chlorine with a sodium hydroxide solution. These two reactants are the major co-products from most chlor-alkali cells. Sodium hypochlorite has a variety of uses and is an excellent disinfectant/antimicrobial agent.

Sodium hypochlorite is a chemical compound with the formula NaClO. It is composed of a sodium cation (Na+) and a hypochlorite anion (ClO−); it may also be viewed as the sodium salt of hypochlorous acid. When dissolved in water it is commonly known as bleach, or liquid bleach.

Sodium hypochlorite is practically and chemically distinct from chlorine. Sodium hypochlorite is frequently used as a disinfectant or a bleaching agent.

PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES (12%)

PHYSICAL STATE Clear to yellowish liquid with Chlorine like odor
MELTING POINT

25 C

BOILING POINT 101 C
SPECIFIC GRAVITY 1.165
SOLUBILITY IN WATER 100%
pH 12 - 13
VAPOR DENSITY 1.3

AUTOIGNITION

 

NFPA RATINGS

Health: 3; Flammability: 0; Reactivity: 1

REFRACTIVE INDEX

 

FLASH POINT

 

STABILITY Slowly decomposes on contact with air liberating Cl2

 

Sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl), is commercially available in several solution concentrations, with 12% being the most common for bulk, as this material is highly unstable salt which become sodium chlorate easily. It is formed by the electrolysis of sodium chloride solution when chlorine is bubbled through cold caustic soda solution. Its powerful disinfection and oxidation properties offer a wide range of applications include bleaching in both the paper and textile industries, water purification, odour control, chemical Intermediates and etc. Sodium hypochlorite is used in household bleach material to remove stains particularly on cotton. Chlorine is a general biocide substance killing germs, micro-organisms, algae, etc. The most widely used chloride chemical disinfectants are chlorine, ozone, chlorine dioxide and chloramine. Hypochlorite is an alternative choline source when chlorine gas is impractical. The commercially available liquid hypochlorite form is sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) which is used as the disinfectant in hospitals. But this is highly caustic, ethanol class disinfection has replaced. Sodium hypochlorite have also been used extensively in the disinfection of drinking-water. Hypochlorite anion,ClO-, changes the oxidation-reduction potential of the cell, and resulting in the inactivations of the micro-organism's function. Hypochlorite [or chlorate(I)] contains the ion, ClO- ; chlorite [or chlorate(III)], ClO2-; Chlorate [or chlorate(V)], ClO3-; perchlorate [or chlorate(VII)], ClO4-. Hypochlorite solution gradually releases chlorine into water.  Sodium hypochlorite is used as a bleaching and disinfection agent for both industry and household, oxidant, sterilizer, decoloring agent, deodorant, water Treatment amd food additive.

Sodium hypochlorite phosphate, an inclusion complex of trisodium phosphate and sodium hypochlorite, is a dry form of sodium hypochlorite. providing germicidal and disinfectant properties as well as alkalinity. It is used in as a bactericide in food and dairy processing and cleanser of medical instruments and scouring. It is used in detergents, automatic dishwasher detergent and laundry soaps


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