Short Description: Metal naphhthenates are salts of naphthenic acids. These are coordination complexes and have the formula of M2 or M3O6. The naphthenates are highly soluble in organic media. They have their applications in synthetic detergents, lubricants, corrosion inhibitors, wood preservatives, insecticides, oil drying agents etc. Industrially useful naphthenate includes aluminium, magnesium, calcium, barium, cobalt etc.
Short Description: Elemental tellurium is mainly used as an additive to copper, iron and steel, in vulcanising rubber, as a colouring agent in glass and ceramics and in some other applications. Tellurium Tetrachloride is a white to off-white crystalline powder with melting point of 224 degree C and boiling point of 380 degree C. Its density is 3.26 g/ml and decomposes when soluble in water.
Short Description: Copper Carbonate also known as cupric carbonate is the artificial malachite. Cu2(OH)2CO3, toxic, green powder which is soluble in acids but insoluble in water, decomposes at 200 degree C and its specific gravity is 3.90. It is used in pigments and pyrotechnics and as a feed additive and fungicide; antidote for phosphorous poisoning.
Short Description: Zinc stearate is a zinc soap which is widely used industrially. In this context, soap is used in its formal sense, a metal salt of a fatty acid. It is a white solid that repels with water. Its melting point is 120 - 130 degree C and specific gravity is 1.095. It is insoluble in cold water and stable under normal conditions.
Short Description: Diisopropylamine is a secondary amine and its chemical formula is (CH3)2HC-NH-CH(CH3)2. It is best known as its lithium derivative of its conjugate base as lithium diisopropylamide also known as "LDA". LDA is a strong, non-nucleophilic base. Its melting point is -61 degree C, boiling point is 84 degree C and specific gravity is 0.72. It is slightly soluble in water and stable under ordinary conditions.
Short Description: Ceric Oxide (CeO2) also known as cerium oxide, cerium dioxide is cleaning and polishing of silicon wafers, which are required by the electronic industry for ultra modern chip systems and solar cells. Its melting point is 2600 degree C, boiling point is 3500 degree C and specific gravity is 7.13. It is insoluble in water and is stable under ordinary conditions.
Short Description: Naphthenic acid and metallic naphthenates have many industrial applications in synthetic detergents, solvent additives for paint, resins, oils and varnish. They are also used as lubricants, corrosion inhibitors and fuel additives. It is a yellow to brown resinous liquid with melting point of 100 degree C and specific gravity of 1.2. It is insoluble in water but soluble in alcohol and stable under ordinary conditions.
Short Description: Sodium ethoxide is the organic compound with the formula C2H5ONa. It is a colourless solid that dissolves in polar solvents. It is commonly used as a strong base. Its molecular weight is 68.05 and at melting point of 260 degree C it decomposes. Its specific gravity is 1.1 and is stable under ordinary conditions.
Short Description: Dibutyltin dilaurate (DBTDL), also called Dibutyltin Diacetate is an organotin compound that is used as a catalyst. It is a colourless oily liquid and is 99% pure. In terms of its structure, this molecule consists of two laurate groups attached to a dibutyltin(IV) center. Its density is 1.32 and refractive index is 1.471. Its melting point is 7 to 10 degree C, boiling point is 145 degree C and flash point is 143 degree C. It is insoluble in water but soluble in most of the organic solvents.
Short Description: Lithium stearate is a compound with the formula LiO2C(CH2)16CH3. It is formally classified as a soap (salt of a fatty acid). It is a white crystalline powder with melting point of 220 degree C and is 98% pure. It is a white soft solid, prepared by the reaction of lithium hydroxide and stearic acid.
Short Description: Cobalt hydroxide Co(OH)2 is a chemical compound composed with cobalt and hydroxide ion. Commercial catalyst grade will have porous structure for high catalyst effect in refining and petrochemical. It is used as a dryer in paint, inks and varnish and preparation of other cobalt compounds. It consists of high cobalt content 61.5 %.
Short Description: Tin(II) oxide also knowns stannous oxide is a compound and its formula SnO. It is composed of tin and oxygen where tin has the oxidation state of +2. The two forms are a stable blue-black form and a metastable red form and is 97% pure. The dominant use of this compound is as a precursor in the manufacturing of other, typically trivalent, tin compounds or salts. It may also be employed as a reducing agent and also in the creation of ruby glass. Its melting point is 1080 degree C.
Short Description: Hydrofluoric acid is the solution of hydrogen fluoride that is gas at room temperature. The pure hydrogen fluoride is a strong acid and it will react violently with bases and is corrosive. It reacts violently with some forms of plastic, glass, metals, rubber and coatings. Its melting point is -83.6°C and boiling point is 19.5°C. It has a critical pressure of 6.48 Mpa and critical density of 0.29 g/cm3.
Short Description: Copper(I) chloride is called as cuprous chloride, is the lower chloride of copper, with the formula CuCl. The substance is a white solid is sparingly soluble in water but it is completely soluble in concentrated hydrochloric acid. Impure samples appears green because of the presence of copper(II) chloride. Its melting point is 430 degree C and boiling point is 1490 degree C.
Short Description: Benzotriazole is known for its versatility. It has already been used as a restrainer in photographic emulsions and also as a reagent for the analytical determination of silver. More importantly, it has been extensively used as a corrosion inhibitor in the underwater and atmosphere. It is white to off-white crystalline powder, insoluble in water but soluble in ethanol and melting point is 98.5 degree C.
Short Description: Dicyandiamide is also called cyanoguanidine is the dimer. It is an intermediary for melamine which us the basic ingredient of amino plastics and resins. It is mainly used in the production of wide range of organic chemicals including slow and continuous nitrogen release fertilizers, fire proofing agent, leather and rubber chemicals, epoxy laminates for circuit boards, powder coatings and adhesives, dye fixing, explosives, pharmaceuticals, water treatment chemicals etc.
Short Description: Phosphine is also called as Hydrogen Phosphide, PH3, is a colourless, poisonous, spontaneously flammable gas, with a disagreeable, garlic-like odour; melting point is -133.5 degree C, boiling point is -87.4 degree C. Phosphine is manufactured by the hydrolysis of metal phosphides and by the electrolysis of phosphorus in the presence of hydrogen, or by the phosphorus-steam reaction.
Short Description: Aluminium chloride (AlCl3) Catalyst is the compound composed of aluminium and chlorine. It is mainly used as a catalyst in the process of Friedel Crafts. This compound have an electron deficient molecule forming only 3 bonds and has no lone pairs. This catalyst acts as an electron acceptor for a lone pair on the halide atom. AlCl3 have three different structures, depending on the temperature and the state that is solid, liquid, gas.
Short Description: Copper(II) chloride Catalyst is the compound and its chemical formula CuCl2. It is a light brown solid, it slowly absorbs moisture to form a blue-green dihydrate. Copper forms compounds in the oxidation states of +1 (cuprous) and +2 (cupric), trivalent copper survives no more than some seconds in an aqueous solution. The relatively small change in electro-chemical potential between the cupric ions and cuprous in solution gives the usefulness of copper compounds in any chemical reactions.
Short Description: Vanadium(V) Pentoxide Catalyst is an inorganic compound and its formula V2O5 and commonly known as vanadium pentoxide, it is a Rust- Brown solid. Vanadium compounds (pentoxide and certain vanadates) are used as catalyst in the oxidation of SO2 to SO3, syntheses of phthalic and maleic anhydrides, manufacture of polyamides (nylon), ethanol to acetaldehyde, and anthracene to anthraquinone. Vanadium pentoxide is used in industrial catalyst.
Short Description: Lead octoate is the important auxiliary drier especially in applications where drying is required at low temperatures (less than 10 degree C). Metallic carboxylates, metal salts of carboxylic acids, have industrial applications in: drier or additive for paints, coatings and inks. Driers are substances put into paint to make dry quickly. They are metallic salts of low molecular weight fatty acids or naphthenic acids.