Steel Sheet

Steel Sheet metal is metal shaped by engineering steel into thin, flat pieces. It is one of the major forms used in metalworking and moulded, cut and bent into a wide variety of shapes. Numerous everyday items are built with the help of steel sheet metal. Thicknesses can vary considerably; exceptionally thin thicknesses are termed as foil or leaf, and bits thicker than 6 mm (0.25 in) are termed plate.

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Detailed Description for Steel Sheet

Stainless steel is correctly named, because this type of steel has a unique ability to repel stains and harmful effects of corrosion. Addition of about 10% or more of chromium to the steel gives it this unique characteristics. Low carbon steel is used to create stainless steel.


Another important characteristic of stainless steel is the ability to heal itself. The chromium content present in the steel results in the formation of an invisible chromium oxide film on the surface of the steel and when the steel plate that has suffered from chemical or mechanical damage is exposed to oxygen – even in minute amounts, this initiates the self-healing property of the steel.


When various other elements such as nickel, molybdenum and nitrogen are added during the production process, these enumerate the corrosion resistant properties of the steel.
Steel sheet metal is obtainable in flat pieces or twisted tiles. The twists are shaped by passing a continuous sheet of metal through a roll slitter.

Grades of Stainless Steel


Stainless steel sheet is obtainable in Type 304 and Type 316 grades.
 Type 304 has following properties:
1.    Can be easily bent or roll-formed.
2.    Magnificent corrosion resistance.
3.    Excellent weldability.
Type 316 has the following properties:
1.    High corrosion resistive alloy.
2.    Greater resistance towards pitting type corrosion.
3.    Prevents corrosion after welding.
4.    Great durability.
Sub metal type includes:
1.    304-2B Finish
2.    304-4 Mill Finish
3.    304-8 Mill Finish
4.    309-2D Mill Finish
5.    316-2B Mill Finish
6.    430-2B Mill Finish.

Several significant sub-categories of stainless steel are:
1.    Austenitic,
2.     Martensitic,
3.     Ferritic,
4.    Duplex,
5.    Precipitation Hardening and
6.    Super Alloys.

Advantages:


Various advantages of stainless steel are as follows:
1.    Stainless steel is commonly termed as ‘Corrosion-Resilient steel’ as it is one of the best ways to prevent corrosion of the sheet metal used that occurs because of various factors.
2.    Stainless steel which has the presence of chromium has a layer of chromium oxide deposited above it and this helps prevent any kind of staining on the metal and hence the name.
3.    Because of its anti-oxidation capabilities stainless steel sheet is a preferred choice
4.    It is a 100% recyclable and reusable steel.
5.    Safest form of steel.

Applications:
1.    Chemical and fuel tankers
2.    Petro-chemicals and chemical plants
3.    Food processing industries where clean environments are exigent.
4.    Pharmaceutical Industries.
5.    Construction, modern architecture
6.    Automobiles.
7.    Medicine applications

 


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Seema S

Steel Grade safe for food Posted on 8/12/2016

Type 304 or 304 Grade is the most commonly used steel to manufacture food containers. This grade of steel is more resistant to corrosion or rust.

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