Surgical Gowns

Surgical gowns are a long loose piece of clothing worn by surgeons during operations usually made up fibre or plastic. The gowns are engineered to provide an easy access to patient’s body who is admitted for treatment. The fabric is commonly made up of cotton fibres to withstand the process of sterilization with hot water and also more durable to occasional laundering.

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Detailed Description for Surgical Gowns

The gown is usually made up of cotton fibres and twill tapes are used which enables fastening of the gown. However, the disposable ones are made up of plastic or paper.
Selection of medical textiles are a vital factor for health care sector in which the benefits and cost modelling of the product holds a major dilemma in product selection.
A complicated decision one has to choose is to whether opt for reusable or single use surgical gowns. However, a detailed case study involving the cost effectiveness pf the product is carried out at top hospitals and universities. It concluded that, even though cost is really high, single use gowns and drapes provided a higher benefit rate compared to reusable gowns. Reduction in price of such gowns will make them competitive in health care industry.
Factors that influence the effectiveness of surgical gowns during operations given here are based on:
1.    Comfort
2.    Protection
3.    Barrier Function
4.    Contamination of outer part of the gown
5.    Blood strike rate
6.    Safety
•    Half the reusable gowns became contaminated on the outside.
•    Disposable gowns have lesser contamination on the outside of the gown.
•    Disposable reinforced gowns have the least contamination.
•    The parts most vulnerable to the strike are cuffs, forearms, thigh, and abdomen.
•    About 70% of the surgeons feel comfortable and protective wearing disposable gowns whereas only 2% of them were comfortable with reusable gowns.
There are five standards in which the material of the surgical gowns provide protection in the range – basic to advance. They are defined as follows:

1.    Type 1- Primary Standard
•    It is made of polypropylene fibres. These fibres provide them its strength and durability.
•    Light weight material that enables a great deal of flexibility and hence mobility.
•    Fluid repellent material, hence fluid proof.
•    T-cut design for good body fit.

2.    Type 2- Secondary Standard
•    It is made of polypropylene fibres.
•    Suitable for procedures with medium to high amount of fluids.
•    Long sleeves to prevent cuff movement.

3.    Type 3- Classical Standard
•    It is made up of pulp or polyester fibres.
•    It is soft for increased comfort.
•    Medium level of fluid protection.
•    Freedom of movement.

4.    Type 4- Ultimate Standard.
•    It is made up of polypropylene fibres.
•    Noise-less material.
•    Exhibits high fluid repellence characteristics.
1.    The micro-pores allow air and moisture to move between the body and outside of the gown.
2.    A thin film coating material prevents fluid and blood penetration.
3.    Comfortable against the skin.
4.    Breathable material.
5.    Provides effective thermal comfort.
6.    Provides great sense of ergonomic fit.
7.    All barrier high performance gowns and this is because they are reinforced with protective coating in the necessary critical zones like collars and cuffs, to provide maximum protection form the contamination.








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