M8 Anchor fastner

A fastener is a hardware device that mechanically joins or affixes two or more objects together.An anchor bolt is used to attach objects or structures to concrete.

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Detailed Description for M8 Anchor fastner

A fastener is a hardware device that mechanically joins or affixes two or more objects together.An anchor bolt is used to attach objects or structures to concrete. 

Fasteners can also be used to close a container such as a bag, a box, or an envelope; or they may involve keeping together the sides of an opening of flexible material, attaching a lid to a container, etc. 


Fasteners are called anchor fasteners in the building trade. This is because in most cases, they connect something to a base material such as concrete or brick, like the anchor of a ship embeds itself in the sea bed and does not allow the ship to move.


In most cases, anchor fasteners are installed by first drilling a hole in the base material. The hole is slightly larger than the fastener. Then the anchor is inserted into the hole in the right manner. The distance to which the anchor penetrates into the base material is called the embedment depth.


There are essentially two types of anchor fasteners, mechanical anchor fasteners and chemical anchor fasteners. Each is described in more detail below.


Anchors are required to resist forces in two directions. Pullout forces are those that act in the direction of the axis of the fastener. Shear forces are those forces that act at right angles to the axis of the fastener.


Mechanical anchor fasteners use friction to anchor themselves in place. The most common type of anchor is designed to expand in diameter when it is pushed into the hole. This expansion grips the base material tightly and causes the anchor to be firmly wedged in place.


This is similar to the way wall plugs (also called rawl plugs or dowels) are used when screwing things into a wall. A hole is first drilled and the wall plug inserted. The wall plug is a small piece of plastic or wood, or any material that is slightly flexible and compressible. A screw is then inserted with force, which causes the wall plug to be pushed against the base material as it is forced into the narrow gap between the screw and the wall. This pushing force is what anchors the screw in place and keeps it from falling out.


In chemical anchor fasteners, a special adhesive is used to stick the anchor into the hole. First, a hole that is usually about 4mm larger than the bolt is drilled. Care must be taken to remove all dust and debris from the hole. It is then filled with the chemical adhesive. The bolt is then inserted. The adhesive should completely fill the gap between anchor and hole, and should spill out of the hole when the bolt is inserted.


The chemical will then set - quick setting chemicals may set in an hour, while the more common ones may take 24 hours - and only after it is set may one apply load on the anchor.






While type of anchor fastener has its own characteristics, the key differences between chemical and mechanical fasteners are listed below:


Speed: you can only apply loads to chemical fasteners after the chemical has set, where as one can apply loads to mechanical fasteners immediately after installation. So for speed-critical items, use mechanical fasteners.


Waterproofing: a mechanical fastener has a slight gap between the fastener and the base material. If the fastener has been installed outside, such as when fixing a light fitting or TV antenna to a building, then a mechanical fastener will almost certainly cause leakage into the building. In a chemical fastener, the chemical fills the void between the bolt and base material, making the connection water-tight. So use chemical fasteners for all external fastenings as well as in any other areas where leakage is a factor.


Loads: there is not one type of fastener that can bear more loads than the other. Both chemical and mechanical fasteners are available in a wide range of load ratings.


Metal structures, profiles, floor, bearing plates, brackets, railings, walls, machines, beams, etc









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