Ferric chloride

Ferric chloride is also known as iron (III) chloride. The color of this crystal depend up on the angle we view from i.e by the reflected light this crystal appears as dark green in color and by transmitted light this crystal appears as purple-red in color. It is used in industries for treating sewage and for producing drinking water. It is also used in the production of printed circuit boards. Ferric chloride is more acidic and gives high burning sensation in case of accidental swallowing.

Send Requirement :


Request a Quote  **Free

No registration, no credit cards required.


Top Brands and Manufacturers

Show All Hide

Manufacturer and Suppliers for Ferric chloride


Detailed Description for Ferric chloride

Ferric chloride is a corrosive chemical, thus it is used for treating sewage and industrial waste by partially reducing to ferrous chloride. It is also employed as an engraving reagent on metal surfaces. Other applications include, used as a flocculating agent in water treatment. Ferric chloride is a hazardous chemical that irritates the skin and eyes, however it can be used as a reagent in pharmaceutical preparations.

Structure and properties:

Anhydrous iron(III) chloride adopts the BiI3 structure, which features octahedral Fe(III) centres interconnected by two-coordinate chloride ligands. Iron(III) chloride hexahydrate consists of trans-[Fe(H2O)4Cl2]+ cationic complexes and chloride anions, with the remaining two H2O molecules embedded within the monoclinic crystal structure.

 

Iron(III) chloride has a relatively low melting point and boils at around 315 °C. The vapour consists of the dimer Fe2Cl6 (c.f. aluminium chloride) which increasingly dissociates into the monomeric FeCl3 (D3h point group molecular symmetry) at higher temperature, in competition with its reversible decomposition to give iron(II) chloride and chlorine gas.

Solutions of iron(III) chloride are produced industrially both from iron and from ore, in a closed-loop process.

  1. Dissolving iron ore in hydrochloric acid
    Fe3O4(s) + 8 HCl(aq) → FeCl2(aq) + 2 FeCl3(aq) + 4 H2O
  2. Oxidation of iron (II) chloride with chlorine
    2 FeCl2(aq) + Cl2(g) → 2 FeCl3(aq)
Specification
FCS-I
Recycle
FCS-II
Common
FCS-III
High Pure
FCS-IV
Drink Water
FCS-V
Crystal
Appearance Red brown liquid Red brown solid
FeCl3
30~44%
60%
Density (20°C), g/cm3
1.30~1.50
FeCl2
≤0.25%
Water insoluble matter
≤0.3%
Free acid (HCl)
≤0.5%
≤0.3%
≤0.3%

≤0.3%

≤0.3%

Cu

≤0.1%
≤50mg/l ≤10mg/l  
Zn
≤0.1%
≤175mg/l ≤10mg/l  
Cr
≤0.1%
≤550mg/l ≤10mg/l  
Pb
≤0.1%
≤150mg/l ≤10mg/l  
Ni
≤0.1%
≤30mg/l ≤10mg/l  

Cd

≤0.1%

≤10mg/l ≤5mg/l  
Hg
≤0.1%
≤10mg/l ≤5mg/l  

As

≤0.1%

≤10mg/l ≤5mg/l  

 

 

PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES (40%)

PHYSICAL STATE dark gray to brown liquid
MELTING POINT  
BOILING POINT 230 C
SPECIFIC GRAVITY 1.42 - 1.44
SOLUBILITY IN WATER Miscible
SOLVENT SOLUBILITY Readily soluble in alcohol, ether
pH  
VISCOSITY 12 cps

AUTOIGNITION

 

NFPA RATINGS Health: 3; Flammability: 0; Reactivity: 1

REFRACTIVE INDEX

 

FLASH POINT  
STABILITY Stable under ordinary conditions of use and storage

 

uses:

Used in anhydrous form as a drying reagent in certain reactions.

Used to detect the presence of phenol compounds in organic synthesis e.g.: examining purity of synthesised Aspirin.

Used in water and wastewater treatment to precipitate phosphate as iron(III) phosphate.

Used by American coin collectors to identify the dates of Buffalo nickels that are so badly worn that the date is no longer visible.

Used by Blade-smiths and Artisans in Pattern welding to etch the metal, giving it a contrasting effect, to view metal layering or imperfections.

Used to etch the widmanstatten pattern in iron meteorites.

Necessary for the etching of photogravure plates for printing photographic and fine art images in intaglio and for etching rotogravure cylinders used in the printing industry.

Used to make printed circuit boards (PCBs).

Used in veterinary practice to treat overcropping of an animal's claws, particularly when the overcropping results in bleeding.

Reacts with cyclopentadienylmagnesium bromide in one preparation of ferrocene, a metal-sandwich complex.

Sometimes used in a technique of Raku ware firing, the iron coloring a pottery piece shades of pink, brown, and orange.

Used to test the pitting and crevice corrosion resistance of stainless steels and other alloys.

Used in conjunction with NaI in acetonitrile to mildly reduce organic azides to primary amines.

Used in an animal thrombosis model.

Used in energy storage systems


Question And Answer

Get Prices

Answers to your queries


Buying Tip- See what like buyers had to say!



SUBMIT