Sea Freight Services

Sea or Ocean freight is one of the transportation modules to carry cargo from one country to another via sea by ship/vessel. It is considered to be the most economical and practical method of shipping bulky and heavy items. Sea freight services would typically be used if you want to send large, bulky cargo and have no urgency or time-related deadline for delivery.

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Detailed Description for Sea Freight Services

Sea freight is the most economic form of transportation by which goods are moved between countries in the export process. What is more, the use of containerisation for packing and carrying goods has greatly increased the volumes of cargo moved by sea, the speed of transit and the safety of the cargo in question.

The following factors should be taken into account when considering the transit times for goods being carried by sea. These are:


  • The frequency of sailing
  • The actual sailing time between the port of loading and the port of discharge
  • If the sailing is a direct sailing or a transshipment sailing; that is to say will the vessel sail directly to the port of discharge or will the cargo be placed on a second vessel and then delivered to a final port of discharge
  • Is the sailing an inducement sailing, the vessel will only call the port of loading or discharge if there is sufficient cargo to load or discharge


Full Container Load - FCL In case you have your own cargo enough to stuff either in one container or more. There are a few types and sizes of container such as 20’DC (20 Feet Dry Container), 40’DC (40 Feet Dry Container), 40’HC (40 Feet Dry High Cub), 45’HC (45 Feet Dry High Cub). They will charge you base on container size.

Less Container Load - LCL In case you do not have enough cargo to stuff in one container alone, so you will send your cargo by LCL. LCL shipping is a good way to ship large orders and items that are large or heavy. LCL shipping is based primarily on volume with a minimum shipment volume of one cubic meter. What you have to do is to tender your cargo to freight forwarder. The freight forwarder will consol your cargo with other’s cargo to fill in the container and ship to the same destination. When cargo arrive destination, they will de-consol and release to you back on e what you tendered to them at origin. The freight forwarder will charge you base on cubic meter (CBM).

Bulk Cargo :- When your cargo is oversize, overweight that could not stuff in container, the freight forwarder will send your cargo by bulk vessel. They won’t stuff in container, but just load it into the vessel.

Types of ships operating in international trade

A visit to any harbour around the world will highlight the many different types of ships that one finds plying international waters. We have listed the msot common types of ships operating in international waters below:

 Cellular or multipurpose - ships that are built to carry containerised cargo and also break bulk cargoes

  • Conventional break-bulk - ships that carry only breakbulk, non-containerised cargo. "Cellular or multipurpose" these vessels are largely replacing break bulk vessels
  • Most cellular vessels are able to accommodate break bulk/non containerised cargo on the upper most stack of the vessel
  • Ro-Ro - ships that are multipurpose, with the addition of a stern ramp, to the quayside, by which cargoes are received and dispatched
  • Reefer vessels" - these are vessel dedicated to carrying refrigerated cargoes
  • Lo-Lo - vessels have their own gantry or crane on board, these vessels can load and discharge their own cargoes

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